Yes, I know that in 1882 Lindemann proved that π (3.141) is transcendental, but nobody has ever proved that π = 3.141. The way the value is currenlty calculated is by using a method of integration, and as you can see here, I believe at best it is a very close approximation.

Therefore, this site is dedicated to the search for a mathematical proof using any method not based on integration.



The symmetry of pi


Because the circle and the square are both symmetrical, we would expect pi/the 'squared circle' to have perfect symmetry.





The squared circle




five fold symmetry




five fold symmetry



My books on pi


All my work is available to view or download for free.


The golden ratio

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the search for a mathematical proof of pi.
a look inside the e-book 'pi versus pi'.
a look inside the e-book 'search for proof of pi #1'.
a look inside the e-book 'search for proof of pi #2'.
ancient knowledge of squaring the circle.